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Layer: Soils_Clip (ID: 29)

Parent Layer: Restoration Opportunities

Name: Soils_Clip

Display Field: SOIL_NAME1

Type: Feature Layer

Geometry Type: esriGeometryPolygon

Description: SLOPE1 Predominant slope of the landscape expressed as a percent (%). Slope steepness is often referred to by Class: Class Slope Range (%) Class Mean(%) Approximate degrees and CanSIS terminology Class Slope Range (%) Class Mean (%) Approximate Degrees Description A 0-0.5 0.2 0 Level B 0.5-2 1.2 0.3-1.1 Nearly level C 2-5 3.5 1.1-3 Very gentle slopes D 5-9 7.0 3-5 Gentle slopes E 9-15 12.0 5-8.5 Moderate slopes F 15-30 22.5 8.5-16.5 Strong slopes G 30-45 37.5 16.5-24 Very strong slopes H 45-70 57.5 24-35 Extreme slopes I 70-100 85.0 35-45 Steep slopes J >100 125.0 >45 Very steep slopes Null N/A -9.0 N/A CLI1 Canada Land Inventory (CLI) rating for the soil component . CLI is the classification of climate and soil capability for the production of common field crops (corn, soybeans, small grains, forages) . In the CLI rating system there are seven classes: Class Descriptions: Class 1 No significant limitations in use for Crops Class 2 moderate limitations on use for crops Class 3 moderately severe limitations on use for crops. Class 4 Severe limitations on use for crops. Class 5 Very severe limitations preclude annual cultivation; improvements feasible. Class 6 Natural grazing only; no improvements feasible. Class 7 No capability for agriculture. O Organics ? not rated W Water ? not rated Classifying Prime and Marginal Agricultural Soils and Landscapes: Guidelines for the Application of the Canada Land Inventory in Ontario Prime agricultural areas include specialty crop areas and areas where prime agricultural land (Canada Land Inventory [CLI] Classes 1 to 3) predominates. While mainly comprised of CLI Classes 1 to 3 lands, prime agricultural areas may also include associated smaller pockets of poorer-capability lands (Classes 4 to 7) and additional areas with a local concentration of farms.( Indicates classification of how well the soil drains. Drainage Classes - Not Applicable VR Very Rapidly R Rapidly W Well MW Moderately Well I Imperfectly P Poorly VP Very Poorly WA Water VA Variable DR_DESIGN1 The drainage design code reflects the source of the drainage water problem and the soil drainage characteristics. DR_DESIGN Description S1 Overall fine texture. Poor development, soils becomes more compact with depth. S2 Overall medium texture and well structured. Soil becomes more compact with depth. Free water saturation at depths less than 1 meter on parent material. S3 Overall medium to coarse texture. Sola are deeper than S2. Free water saturation at depth less than 1 metre on II C. S4 Overall medium to coarse texture, with fine textured ?B? horizon that may impede internal drainage. S5 A bog-like depressional soil. The surface layer is organic. S6 Shallow soil over bedrock. G1 Soils developed on loam, silt loam and stratified by ponding. Seasonal free water saturation in relation to perched groundwater. G2 Outwash sands, more than 1 metre deep over clay till or lacustrine clay. Seasonal free water saturation in relation to perched groundwater. G3 Deep coarse textured soils with seasonal free water saturation in relation to regional groundwater. HYDRO1 Hydrologic Soil Groups are used to estimate runoff from precipitation. Classification of soils by their reference to intake rate of infiltration of water, which is influenced by texture, organic matter content, stability of the soil aggregates and soil horizon development. Soils are assigned to one of four groups. They are grouped according to the infiltration of water when the soils are thoroughly saturated. Class Description A Soils having a high infiltration rate (low runoff potential) when thoroughly wet. These consist mainly of deep, well drained to excessively drained sands or gravelly sands. These soils have a high rate of water transmission. B Soils having a moderate infiltration rate when thoroughly wet. These consist chiefly of moderately deep or deep, moderately well drained or well drained soils that have moderately fine texture to moderately coarse texture. These soils have a moderate rate of water transmission. C Soils having a slow infiltration rate when thoroughly wet. These consist chiefly of soils having a layer that impedes the downward movement of water or soils of moderately fine texture or fine texture. These soils have a slow rate of water transmission. D Soils having a very slow infiltration rate (high runoff potential) when thoroughly wet. These consist chiefly of clays that have high shrink-swell potential, soils that have a permanent high water table, soils that have a claypan or clay layer at or near the surface, and soils that are shallow over nearly impervious material. These soils have a very slow rate of water transmission. Chisholm P. S. 1981. Hydrological Classification of Ontario Soils. Proceedings of the 13th Drainage Engineers Conference, Engineering Technical Publication 126-58. School of Engineering, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ont. pp. 52-60 Chisholm, P.S., R. W. Irwin, and C. J. Acton, 1984. Interpretation of Soil Drainage Groups from Soil Taxonomy-Southern Ontario. Can. J. Soil Science. 64: 383-393. ATEXTURE1Soil texture of the surface or 'A' horizon. Soil texture is determined by the relative proportion of sand, silt and clay found in a given soil. The term "texture" refers to the size of the individual soil particles and has nothing to do with the amount of organic matter present in the soil. ATEXTURE Description C Clay CL Clay Loam CSL Coarse Sandy Loam FS Fine Sand FSL Fine Sandy Loam GL Gravelly Loam GRAV Gravel GS Gravelly Sand GSL Gravelly Sandy Loam L Loam LFS Loamy Fine Sand LS Loamy Sand LVFS Loamy Very Fine Sand ORG Organic S Sand SIC Silty Clay SICL Silty Clay Loam SIL Silt Loam SL Sandy Loam VFSL Very Fine Sandy Loam VAR Variable MODIFIER1 A component of the SOILTYPE code, the modifier indicates if a phase, associated to a soil, exists. Phases are subdivisions of soils used to indicate external characteristics that are normally not considered a characteristic of the soil in question. The modifier may be comprised of more than one phase codes. The absence of a modifier will be indicated by three underscore characters (i.e. ) The modifiers and their descriptions are listed below: Phase Description NO PHASE PRESENT B BOULDERY PHASE C COARSE PHASE D DUNE PHASE E ERODED PHASE F FINE PHASE G GRAVELLY PHASE H HEAVY CLAY PHASE I IMPERFECTLY DRAINED PHASE K CALCAREOUS PHASE L LOAMY PHASE O PEATY PHASE Q COBBLY PHASE R RED PHASE S STEEP PHASE T TILL PHASE U ROLLING PHASE V VERY SHALLOW PHASE W WASHED PHASE X ROCKY PHASE Y COMPACTED PHASE Z STONY PHASE _BR BROWN PHASE _HR HEAVY RED PHASE _KL CALCAREOUS LOAMY PHASE _LR LOAMY RED PHASE _LY LOAMY COMPACTED PHASE _RU RUBBLY PHASE _RW RED WASHED PHASE _SH SHALLOW PHASE _SS SAND SPOT PHASE _TR TILL RED PHASE RSS RED SAND SPOT PHASE

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Copyright Text: Daniel Saurette Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs Point of contact: Party who can be contacted for acquiring knowledge about or acquisition of the resource (519) 826-3550 1 Stone Rd W Guelph Ontario N1G 4Y2 Agricultural Information Contact Centre Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs Role: Party that accepts accountability and responsability for the data and ensures appropriate care and maintenance of the resource To obtain contact with specialists who have soil survey knowledge 1-877-424-1300 Data Downloaded from LIO: April 4, 2017 by Alberta D'Souza

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